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List of Hair Problems

Why Hair Fall and Hair Loss Happen

Losing hair may feel like losing a piece of identity. Knowing the basic reason that is causing hair loss can help you identify the need for treatment and selecting the best option for yourself. One of the best centers for hair fall treatments, Dermalife will provide you the finest consultation to understand your problem. Some major causes of hair loss in men include the following.

  • Genetic
    Hair fall tends to run in family. If your parents are suffering from baldness, you are more likely to inherit the problem.
  • Illness and Medical issues
    For people who have recently dealt with some major illness, hair fall is normal. Although the level of shedding may seem excessive, it is just a reactive measure of the body to deal with the jolt of illness and is temporary. Medicines for cancer, depression, arthritis, heart problems, etc can also trigger hair loss.
  • Hormonal imbalance
    Every man has heard of the testosterone hormone. Your body converts this hormone in the DHT. Excessive production of DHT attacks and shrinks hair follicles and causes hair loss.
  • Stress and shock
    Physical or mental shock also tends to result in hair loss as the body tries to adjust to the trauma. It may be temporary but can last for several months.
  • Immune System
    Sometimes your body's immune system attack hair follicles result in hair loss in patches.
  • Impulse control disorder
    Some people develop a strange impulse control mechanism where they pull their own hairs out of anxiety, anger, etc.
  • Over-Grooming
    Excessive styling, hot oil treatments, perms can damage hair follicles. Wearing hairstyles which require pulling hairs tightly can also cause temporary hair loss.

Male hair Loss and Baldness (Androgenic Alopecia):

Knowing the basic reason that is causing hair loss can help you identify the need for treatment and to select the best option for yourself. One of the best centres for hair fall treatments, Dermalife will provide you the finest consultation to understand your problem.

Male baldness and hair loss is the most common type of hair problem in male. It’s also called Pattern Alopecia or Androgenic Alopecia or male pattern androgenic alopecia. Because it’s genetically controlled, it tends to run in the family. If your parents or grandparents are suffering from baldness, you are more likely to inherit the problem. This type of baldness starts after puberty. It potentially affects the front and the top (crown) area of the head. However, in severe cases, it can involve the mid portion as well. This type of baldness does not affect the back and side of the scalp hair.

The reason for losing hair lies in the genetic susceptibility of the DHT (Dihydrotestosterone) hormone receptors. DHT hormone is an active form of Testosterone hormone. Testosterone is our male hormone and it is converted to it’s active form Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by 5 α Reductase enzyme. Because the receptors for DHT hormone are more in the hair roots of the frontal, mid and crown area of a male person, the baldness occurs more in these areas. This type of baldness is divided into 7 grades (1- minimum baldness, 7- maximum baldness) by Norwood and Hamilton.

Terminal hair becomes vellus hair (i.e. very fine hair) due to the effect of DHT hormone and this process is called Miniaturization.

If treatment for the male pattern baldness is started early, we can reverse this miniaturization to some extent and density over the balding area can be increased by 30%. However, many patients come late and once the hair roots miniaturised beyond a limit, it is difficult to reverse the miniaturization and increase the density over the balding area.

In such cases hair transplant is considered as treatment of choice. Nowadays hair transplant is a very successful and safe method to cover your bald areas. For more information about hair transplant click here.

Female hair Loss and Baldness (Androgenic Alopecia):

In females, hair loss is more of diffuse type and it involves the centre of the scalp. The good point about female hair loss is that the frontal hairline does not recede as we see in male androgenic alopecia. The reason for female androgenic alopecia is again hormonal imbalance due to various medical disorders like PCOS, Thyroid etc and of course genetic. Few females show features of hyperandrogenism like acne, facial hair growth and irregular periods but mostly females do not show any sign of hyperandrogenism and have normal levels of testosterone. Female androgenic alopecia is classified into 3 grades depending on severity of the disease. This classification is called Ludwig's classification. It divides the baldness in to 3 grades depending on the severity.

The first grade includes those patients who retain their frontal hairline and mid and crown area shows a small amount of thinning. The grade two involves greater amount of thinning and grade 3 involves severe thinning of the frontal, mid and crown area. If proper medicines are started at an appropriate time, the density of hair over the scalp can be increased. However, if hair loss has been progressed a lot like in grade 3, hair transplantation can be a better option. For more information about hair transplantation, click here.

Telogen Effluvium

One of the most common forms of temporary hair loss, Telogen Effluvium is a condition where a person starts losing their hair after a traumatic event, due to shock or stress. It usually occurs on the top of a scalp. While large amounts of hair may fall out due to Telogen Effluvium, they typically grow back, making the condition a reversible one.

This is a condition that happens more often in women when their hair cycle is triggered by a disturbance. This hair cycle usually has three phases:

  • Growth Phase or Anagen
  • Transitional Phase or Catagen
  • Resting Phase or Telogen

Telogen Effluvium is associated with the third phase, or Telogen, which also gives it its name. some of the major causes of this hair problem are:

  • Poor diet
  • Severe stress
  • Iron, Zinc, Vitamin B6 and B12 deficiency
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Pregnancy
  • Childbirth
  • Menopause
  • Recreational drugs
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Surgery
  • Metal toxicity

Alopecia Areata

Another common hair problem is Alopecia Areata, which is a common autoimmune disorder, resulting in unpredictable hair loss in people. In this condition, the hair falls in small patches, which can sometimes lead to complete loss of hair on the scalp. People suffering from this condition can often make a full recovery if they have lost just a few patches of hair.

Alopecia Areata is a condition that can affect anyone, regardless of their age and gender. However, it mostly affects people below the age of 30. Since it is an autoimmune condition, where the immune system attacks the hair follicles, the exact cause of Alopecia Areata is still unknown. Regardless, studies suggest that this condition mostly affects people who have a family history of other autoimmune disorders, such as Atopy, Thyroid Disorders , Rheumatoid Arthritis or Type 1 Diabetes. Therefore, genetics might have a role to play in this condition.

It’s treatment involves medicines and injection for a duration of 1-3 months depending on response. If alopecia areata involves the most of the hair of the scalp, it’s called Alopecia Totalis. And when it involves the whole body hair, it’s called Alopecia Universalis.

Scarring Alopecia

Also known as Cicatricial Alopecia, Scarring Alopecia is a group of rare hair disorders which destroy the hair follicles and replace them with scar tissues. It can affect healthy men and women of all age groups and is usually quite challenging to diagnose. Most symptoms of this hair condition generally begin as small patches of hair loss, which then expand over time, sometimes resulting in permanent hair loss.

Other symptoms of this condition include:

  • Severe itching
  • Burning of the scalp
  • Pain in the scalp

As of now, the exact cause of Scarring Alopecia is unknown. However, all types of this condition involve inflammation of the upper part of hair follicles. This is where the sebaceous/oil glands and the regenerative medicine are located. Once these are destroyed, hair follicles cannot be regenerated, which results in permanent hair loss.

Dandruff

Dandruff is one of the major hair issues faced by millions of people around the world. While it is often considered to be the result of a dry scalp, it is mostly a condition associated with oily hair. Dandruff is white flakes of dead skin, which occur when the sebaceous glands start to overproduce oil, thereby blocking the hair follicles.

Dandruff usually affects up to 40 per cent of people above the age of 30.

Some of the significant causes of dandruff are:

  • Lack of air circulation
  • Sudden changes in diet, climate, weight
  • Use of harsh chemicals
  • Skin conditions like Eczema and Psoriasis
  • Overgrowth of a yeast-like fungus called Malassezia
  • Stress
  • Hormone issues

Premature Greying

Premature Greying is a condition where a person’s hair starts to turn grey, and eventually white before they attain the age of 40. Many young adults, or those between the age of 20 to 30 years of age, are now increasingly getting affected by premature greying.

Premature greying occurs when the pigment cells of hair follicles begin to die, thereby hindering the melanin production, and eventually turning the hairless colourful, turning them into grey, silver or white colours.

Although a lot of lifestyle factors cause premature greying, quite a few medical conditions can also cause it. These include:

  • Protein loss
  • Thyroid
  • Vitiligo
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Iron deficiency