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Skin Diseases And Problems

Acne Scar

Acne is a skin disease that usually begins in the early teenage and can appear in adult life too. The common causes of acne are hormonal production; pores become clogged with excess oil or hereditary reasons. Many types of acne skin Treatments are prone to scarring and result in damage to the skin.

Treatment for acne scarring is possible, and many less invasive methods are available.

Unwanted Hair (Face & Body)

The condition is also known as hirsutism where women tend to grow hair at unwanted areas such as the lower face (upper lip and chin), chest, back, and abdomen. The factors that can contribute to hirsutism include:

  • Hereditary or genetics
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Side effects of certain medications
  • Others

Treatment methods range from cosmetic hair removal to controlling hair re-growth treatments.


Melasma is skin pigmentation (brown or dark brown patches on the skin) due to the overproduction of melanin or sun exposure. Common of causes for overstimulation of melanocytes are:

  • Genetics
  • Hormonal changes (especially during or post-pregnancy)
  • Side effects of medications
  • Thyroid problems

There are many depigmentation peels and light therapies available for the management and treatment of melasma.

Dark Spots

Dark spots or hyperpigmentation are associated with the overproduction of melanin in some areas of skin. Sun exposure, the aging process, or hormonal imbalance are other factors causing dark spots. The result is uneven skin with distinct dark spots.

There are a number of effective treatments to manage and reverse the dark spots including chemical peels, chemical exfoliates, laser therapy, etc.

Dark Circles

Dark circles are dark patches around and under the eye area. Often insufficient sleep triggers under-eye darkness. Other causes are the aging process, reaction to crying, signs of anemia, and even certain medications, etc. Genetics also plays a role in visible dark circles.

Skincare products with effective ingredients can be used to manage the condition.


Freckles also called sunspots are caused by hyperpigmentation, sun exposure, or hormonal imbalance. The overproduced melanin is dispersed in the skin in the form of clumps that appear as darker spots on the skin.

Dr. Gaurav Garg a reputed dermatologist can suggest an effective treatment option specific to your skin tone and type.

Wrinkled Skin

Wrinkles are the first signs of the skin aging process. With age, our body cannot produce a sufficient amount of collagen and elastin in the skin – hormones for maintaining skin elasticity and original shape. As a result, fine lines and wrinkles start to appear. Sun exposure can also weaken collagen fibers.

Many anti-aging products and treatments are available to manage the wrinkles and retain the youthful appearance.

Sagging Skin

With aging, skin loses its natural elasticity due to reduced production of collagen and elastin. Sun exposure is another reason.

Depending on the extent of your loose skin, many suitable treatments that can rejuvenate and restore your appearance including dermal fillers, plasma pen, skin needling, etc.

Deep Folds

Deep folds in the form of smile lines (nasolabial folds) are deeper lines running from the sides of the nose to the corners of the mouth. They are signs of aging where the skin loses its elasticity and natural muscles shrink forming deeper folds.

Anti-aging treatments and dermal fillers can effectively reduce these deep folds by ‘lifting’ the skin area by adding volume to the skin.

Dehydrated Skin

Dry and dehydrated skin is simply caused by a lack of water in skin cells. Environmental factors, aging, or lifestyle choices impact on skin’s hydration.

A range of skincare products containing vitamins, fatty acids, and other natural substances can hydrate skin on a cellular level and help the healing process.


Moles are typically the results of overgrowths of melanocytes (melanin-producing cells). They differ in size, shapes, and colors. They are caused by sun exposure and age.

Most moles are harmless and only in rare cases, they can change into melanoma (cancerous growth).

Open Pores

Skin pores are tiny openings in the skin to release natural sebum on the skin surface. There are several causes of large-looking open pores including:

  • Aging and loss of elastin in the skin
  • Genetics
  • Increased sebaceous activity
  • Acne or blackheads, etc.

White Spots/Leucoderma/Vitiligo

This is an autoimmune skin condition where pale or light-colored patches appear. These patches are caused when the skin loses its color and it is apparent in various areas of the body. The progression of patches differs from person to person.

The vitiligo can be treated and treatment options will depend on the type of vitiligo you have.


Eczema is redness, itchiness, and irritation to skin due to allergic reactions. Triggering factors of eczema differs from person to person and commonly include:

  • Reaction to pollution, ducts, animals, or insects
  • Chemicals in soap, perfumes, etc.
  • Reaction to fabric material of clothes, carpets, mattresses, etc.
  • Other.

Skin Allergies

Skin allergies are common skin problems in children and adults in the form of red, itchy skin. Common causes for allergies are:

  • Heat rash
  • Dryness of skin
  • Insect bite
  • Psoriasis
  • Hives, etc.

The condition can be managed by identifying the root cause and taking the appropriate medications.

Skin Infections

Skin infections appear in the form of redness or burning or itchiness of the skin. It can range from mild to life-threatening. The common causes are bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites (lice, etc.) infections.


Appearance of red, scaly patches of skin that may be sore or itchy, or pitting of fingernails are symptoms of psoriasis. Psoriasis is a common skin condition that can develop at any age. The exact causes are unknown but people who have relatives with psoriasis commonly develop the condition.

Pediatric Skin Problems

Skin Problems in children and adolescents require special expertise and timely management. These include:

  • Acne
  • Eczema
  • Skin infections
  • Psoriasis, etc.

Geriatric/Old Age Skin Problems

With age, skin becomes more susceptible to many different skin problems including a loss of elasticity and increased fragility. Age-related skin problems involve the formation of wrinkles, deep lines, thinning of the epidermis, saggy skin, age spots, solar elastosis (discoloration of the skin), and others.


Keloids Treatment are skin disorders in the form of red or flesh-colored ridged areas of skin that continue to grow into scars. They are results of skin healing after surgery, trauma, or injury to the skin. Spontaneous keloids are formed without any history of surgery or trauma.

Autoimmune Skin Diseases

Autoimmune diseases may cause skin diseases such as inflammatory skin disorders or allergic skin reactions. In this condition, the body’s immune system attacks healthy skin tissues and the result is skin rashes, itchiness, Psoriasis, peeling skin syndrome, etc.

Genetic Skin Diseases

These diseases are caused by mutation of genetic material. Common genetic skin disorders are:

  • Acne
  • Psoriasis
  • Hives
  • Carcinoma

Skin Cancers

Overexposure to ultraviolet radiation often results in skin cell carcinoma. Basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma are three types of skin cancer. Early diagnosis of skin cancer increases the chances of recovery without surgery.

Uneven Skin Tone

Hyperpigmentation or uneven skin tone is related to irregular darkening of the skin in the form of dark spots. This is caused by many factors including sun exposure, hormonal imbalance, pollution, etc. Scarring due to acne or skin injury are other factors responsible for uneven skin tone on various parts of the body.


Birthmarks are skin marks present from birth in the form of colored patches visible on skin. Most birthmarks are harmless and disappear with age. Sometimes they are associated with health issues and need special treatment.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

These Diseases (STD) are transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact. The most common STDs are:

  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Hepatitis B
  • Genital herpes
  • Genital warts
  • Others.